Need help with homework? Defeats at Brandywine and Paoli enabled William Howe’s forces to occupy Philadelphia unopposed on September 26. The loss was devastating for the Americans and proved to be a decisive victory for the British because it came after … British 40th Foot occupying the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Xavier della Gatta American guns fire on the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War Map of the Battle of Germantown… Washington’s Army lost roughly 700 men killed and wounded. The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. The Battle of Germantown took place during the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolution (1775-1783). The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. In the darkness, the troops didn’t make the expected progress that was expected. The separation, combined with the lack of fire from their comrades and the commotion of the attack on Cliveden behind them, convinced Wayne’s men that they were cut off, causing them to withdraw. On the night of October 3, four converging American columns began a sixteen-mile march towards Germantown. Map of the United States: Battle Sites 1689-1945. The British and Hessian troops had set up camp on the high ground of Germantown with two small brigades camped in the market square for defence. The Battle of Germantown is reenacted there on the first Saturday of each October (except this year because of the pandemic). close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. Artwork by Rick Reeves. The Battle of Germantown was fought on October 4, 1777 in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown, Pennsylvania between General William Howe's British forces and General Georg Washington's American forces. All Rights Reserved. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September, the British had occupied Philadelphia, the American capital. Ill-armed, still worse clothed, mostly unshod, scantily fed, discipline lacking, and poorly officered; these and more were accurate descriptions of the American Army that fled to the … This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. British General William Howe had divided his forces between Philadelphia and nearby Germantown. 03 Oct. 2020 | 09:00 86 Day(s) Ago . The Mount Vernon Ladies Association has been maintaining the Mount Vernon Estate since they acquired it from the Washington family in 1858. For men ill shod and ill equipped, and already fatigued from weeks of marching and countermarching, it was a long and arduous night traversing rough roads in complete darkness. The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. While the fighting around Cliveden raged on, Sullivan pushed his men towards the British center. Washington, on the advice of artillery commander Henry Knox, decided to attack the sturdy building rather than isolate it with a small force. General John Sullivan would attack with the main force while General Nathanael Greene attacked on the flank. On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. British casualties were estimated to be 71 killed, 450 … Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown: General George Washington against Major … The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. Battle of Germantown. Sullivan’s column was the first to make contact, driving back the British pickets on Mount Airy. October 3, 2020 - Full and probationary members of the British Brigade and Continental Line are invited to participate in the annual … A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. Battle of Germantown Definition: The Battle of Germantown was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. Though the outcome is … N the evening after the battle of Brandywine, General Howe sent a party to Wilmington, who seized in bed Mr. M'Kinlay, governor, of the state of Delaware, and took a shallop lying in the rivulet loaded with the rich effects of some of the inhabitants, together with the public records of the county, and other … After successfully entering the capital, British General William Howe divided his … Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Despite losing the battle, Germantown actually helped the Americans in winning the war. In an article in sandcastles.netthe military journal of Lt. George Ewing, who fought in the Battle of Germantown was published. Armies - American Forces was commanded by Gen. George Washington and consisted of about 11,000 Soldiers. Voice over is text-to-speech version of script of the events of that foggy morning on October 4, 1777. HOME - HISTORY MAPS - Battle of GERMANTOWN 1777. Germantown in Pennsylvania is part of the city of Philadelphia today but in 1777 it was an outlying community. Facts about the Battle of Germantown. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washington’s setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. Another 400 Americans were captured. Ward, Christopher. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. The Americans set out on a march to Germantown on the 3rd October; this march was to be 16 miles and took place over the darkness … The Americans planned a four pronged attack. The morale of the soldiers was boosted by the attack. Much like at Trenton, he divided his army so as to attack the British from multiple directions at dawn. Luckily, the darkness at night and the army's weaponry helped them retreat from Germantown. Approximately 100 British soldiers took refuge in Cliveden, a large stone mansion, while the British withdrew. Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. 372 Battle of Germantown. Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. Washington set his plan into motion on the night of October 3. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. The War of the Revolution, 2 Vols. Howe marched his army to Germantown on September 25 th, about 6 miles northwest of Philadelphia along the Schuylkill River. However, the victory provided few strategic gains for the British and the valiant effort of the Continental Army proved that the rebels could take on the full brunt of the British Army and survive, bolstering their confidence to fight another day. Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. Germantown’s pride in its Revolutionary past was reinforced by a specious tale involving John D. Rockefeller, who invested millions to recreate an 18th-century town in Williamsburg, Virginia. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. Want to preserve George WashingtonWilliam Howe legacy? Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. We don't accept government funding and rely upon private contributions to help preserve George Washington's home and legacy. Washington reinforced to 11,000 troops and decided to attack using a plan similar to the one that he employed at Trenton in December 1776. This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. battle of germantown. "Victory Denied by the Fog of War." General John Sullivan leading troops at the Battle of Brandywine fought prior to Battle of Germantown. The British suffered more than 500 casualties of their own. The American retreat was also aided by the onset of darkness. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washington’s setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. Created by Italian artist Xavier della Gatta in 1782, the painting vividly and accurately depicts the 1777 Battle of Germantown, part of the Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. Niderost, Eric. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. Add to Google Calendar. A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. The British won the battle. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. The British won the battle. They were hoping … The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. The Battle of Germantown In early October, Washington conceived a bold plan of attack on Howe's 9,000 troop garrison stationed in Germantown. Still, the British were greatly surprised that an opponent whom they believed was beaten could launch such a fierce attack. Thus began the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, that early foggy morning just north of Philadelphia. 3200 Mount Vernon Memorial HighwayMount Vernon, Virginia 22121. In an open space in … For two hours a Continental brigade supported by cannons unsuccessfully tried to storm the mansion, suffering heavy losses. Online Resources: List of Battles of the Revolutionary War; Battles of the American Revolution; American Battlefield Trust – Germantown; West Point – Table of … An annual reenactment of the Battle Of Germantown and the Cliveden estate. The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. Sullivan's troops were running low on ammunition and slowed their advance before coming under a volley of friendly fire from Greene's men, who had become disoriented in the fog. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army captured Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress. Luckily, Greene’s column arrived in time to engage the British before they could rout Wayne. For the past 60 years, the image shown below has puzzled historians. Other American troops retreated when they heard the heavy firing towards the rear, fearing that they were encircled. The Battle of Germantown took place during the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolution (1775-1783). Researched and written by Mike Dickey Member of Skippack Historical Society. The militia, under General William Smallwood, would target the British extreme right and rear. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. The Battle. A thick fog clouded the battlefield throughout the day. George Washigton's decision to attack British positions around Philadelphia in the fall of 1777 was a bold one that reflected his inherent confidence and gambler's nature. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. Howe had stationed two British brigades in the village, commanded by General James Grant, … British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about12,500 Soldiers. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. Spend the day with us! Courtesy of the United States Military Academy Dept. 03 Oct. 2020 | 09:00 86 Day(s) Ago . The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. This action diverted troops from Sullivan's main advance and also from Greene's, as some of his soldiers joined the assault. In an open space in the centre was the Market house, The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. After dusk on October 3, the American army began the 16 miles (26 km) march south toward Germantown in complete darkness. Washington set his plan into motion on the night of October 3. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. The Battle of Germantown on 4 October 1777 pitted a 9,000-man British army under General William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe against an 11,000-strong American army commanded by Major General George Washington. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. The morale of … The battlefield … Although Howe received some intelligence of an impending attack, he did little to prepare in advance. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. Add to Google Calendar. Reinforced from Philadelphia, Howe pursued Washington for nearly eight miles before halting. The British won this battle thus … Despite the British victory, many Europeans, especially the French, were impressed by the continued determination of the Continental Army. Here is his entry on page 23. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. The Battle of Germantown, was fought on October 4, 1777, between the American army led by George Washington British Army and the British who fought under Sir William Howe.. This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. The battle was a decisive victory for the British. The Battle Of Germantown. A heavy morning fog disoriented the American assault columns and led to a friendly fire incident between elements of Major General John Sullivan's right colum… Battle of Germantown. The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. Reference Maps on the American Revolution 1775-1783. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. The battle was a decisive victory for the British. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Discover the Home of George and Martha Washington. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of … The Americans planned a four pronged attack. Map of the British Colonies in North America 1763-1775 Fought less than a month after the British victory at the Battle of the Brandywine (September 11), the Battle of Germantown took place on October 4, 1777, outside the city of Philadelphia. To regain the initiative, Washington and his lieutenants plotted a bold strike against the primary British camp at Germantown… Here the Americans are … United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. 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